Internet2 FAQ

Have questions about Internet2? You've come to the right place! If you have additional questions not listed here, feel free to email us.

General Questions

What is Internet2?

The best description comes from the official Internet2 consortium webpage:

Internet2 is the foremost U.S. advanced networking consortium. Led by the research and education community since 1996, Internet2 promotes the missions of its members by providing both leading-edge network capabilities and unique partnership opportunities that together facilitate the development, deployment, and use of revolutionary Internet technologies.

By bringing research and academia together with technology leaders from industry, government, and the international community, Internet2 promotes collaboration and innovation that has a fundamental impact on the future of the Internet.

Internet2 is a not-for-profit advanced networking consortium comprising more than 200 U.S. universities in cooperation with 70 leading corporations, 45 government agencies, laboratories and other institutions of higher learning as well as over 50 international partner organizations.


Internet2 members leverage our high-performance network and worldwide partnerships to support and enhance their educational and research missions.

Beyond just providing network capacity, Internet2 actively engages our community in the development of important new technology including middleware, security, network research, and performance measurement capabilities which are critical to the progress of the Internet.

Why do we need Internet2? What can Internet2 do that the regular commercial Internet cannot?

The following answer comes from muse website:

The original regular or commercial Internet simply was not designed for the types of applications commonly in use today. The regular Internet does not adequately support rich multi-media exchange or huge amounts of data transfer. The regular Internet also simply was not designed for the amount of use and the number of users on the network today. Internet2 offers the performance, speed, and advanced services that allow for better performance of many different types of advanced applications. Specifically, the following are some examples of applications that are best suited for Internet2:

  • Desktop video conferencing
  • Remote Visualization
  • Multicast video conferencing
  • Remote Equipment Access
  • HDTV Multicast conferencing
  • Virtual Laboratories
  • Tele-Immersion
  • Digital Libraries
  • One-to-one learning
  • Transfer of large data sets (i.e. imaging)
  • IPTV
  • Distributed Collaboratories

This list continues to grow as new research and innovation produces new applications, which results in new or unexpected uses in environments inside and outside of the research and education community.

Is Internet2 a separate network?

Yes, the Internet2 network is a separate high-speed IP network that interconnects Internet2 members. However, Internet2 members also connect directly to the commodity Internet.

How are Internet2 sites connected?

The following is from the official Internet2 Network webpage:

The Internet2 Network's physical implementation is made up of several robust, logically different, but related networks, each on its own overlaid infrastructure. These networks include:

  • Advanced IP network (provided by Juniper routers)
  • Dynamic Circuit network (provided by the the multiservice switching capabilities of the Ciena CoreDirectors)
  • Core optical network (provided by the Infinera platform)

IP Network
The IP network is built across a carrier-class infrastructure and supports leading edge IPv4, IPv6, multicast, and other advanced networking protocols, as well as the ability to more easily and flexibly increase its capacity beyond any other R&E network in the world.

Dynamic Circuit Network
This is a completely new service that realizes the community's vision of hybrid (IP and dynamic circuit) networking. The Internet2 Dynamic Circuit (DC) Network is a network unlike any other before it. It uses community-developed, standards-based technologies and protocols to provide on-demand dedicated optical paths between endpoints. Just as the R&E community led the way in expanding the reach and capabilities of packet networking using the IP and TCP protocols decades ago, the DC Network breaks new ground to provide the U.S. research and education community dedicated, customizable, on-demand bandwidth.

Services enabled by the DC Network include short-term, point-to-point circuits, setup by the requestor or application in standard SONET bandwidth increments up to 10 Gbps. The DC Network is based upon the connections into the Ciena CoreDirectors and use of control plane software. A variety of control plane software is under development, building on the work of the OSCARS and DRAGON projects, with the goal of enabling automated reservations.

Static Circuit Services
Internet2 WaveCo provides a unified service for Internet2 members looking for long-term, static, point-to-point circuits to cost-effectively extend their network connectivity. Circuits are provisioned either by Internet2 over the Internet2-controlled optical infrastructure or by Level 3 Communications, on their nationwide footprint.

Networking Power

How fast is Internet2?

Starting December 15th, 2008, our current Internet2 connection speed here at Binghamton will be 50Mbit/sec. Keep in mind this is the constant speed, not the bursting speed (speed during short but very fast data transfers).

I have lots of data that I would like to send/receive. How can Internet2 help?

If you are sending it to another Internet2-enabled site, then you don't have to do a thing! Binghamton University is a member of the Internet2 consortium, as well as a participant in the Abilene network. Everyone on campus has access to the Internet2 network (although only certain connection sites take full advantage of Internet2's increased bandwidth).

For a list of Internet2 sites, click here.


What videoconferencing resources are available at Binghamton University?

We have three sites with professional videoconferencing equipment: Academic Building A, Room G005 (Collaboratory); Library North, Room 323; and the University Downtown Center. For more information (including room/device capabilities and who to contact), click here.

We also have a list of tutorials for some common videoconferencing applications here.

What is H.323?

H.323 is a standard that regulates the transmission of real-time audio, video, and data communications over an IP network such as the Internet or a LAN. It is designed to promote interoperability with other multimedia-services networks and also between competing commercial applications by different vendors. The connection between two dissimilar networks is achieved through the use of a gateway which performs the network or signaling translation required for interoperability.

Grid Computing

What grid computing networks are we connected to?

Binghamton University is part of the XSEDE Campus Champions Program, and it is our mission to provide help and support for those who wish to use the extensive resources XSEDE provides! Check out our BU XSEDE website, and please feel free to contact us for more information.

Binghamton University is also a member of the NYSGrid and the Open Science Grid, has plans to be member of PlanetLab, and is involved in PRAGMA Grid.

All of these organizations offer a viable grid to run applications on.

I could use that! Who do I talk to?

For XSEDE-related inquiries, you can email us directly at

For everything else, you can contact us, Dr. Kenneth Chiu, Dr. Madhusudhan Govindaraju, or Dr. Michael Lewis for more information.

Streaming Media

I have streaming audio/video clips I'd like to make available...

We have a Helix Universal Media Server here at Binghamton University. If the clips are directly related to Internet2-related research, we would be more than happy to upload them to the Internet2 folder and put a link here on the website.

This Website

I have something related to Internet2 that I would like to put on this website...

By all means, email us, and we'll see what we can do.

Last updated August 7, 2012